Heroin is one of a group of drugs known as opiates (sometimes called narcotic analgesics). Other opiates include opium, morphine, codeine, pethidine and methadone. Heroin and other opiates are depressants.
Gamma-hydroxybutyrate (GHB), also known as Fantasy, Grievous Bodily Harm (GBH), Liquid Ecstasy and Liquid E, is classed as a depressant drug that contains sedative and, at sufficient doses, anaesthetic properties.
Cannabis comes from the cannabis sativa plant. It is the most commonly used illicit drug in New Zealand.
Cocaine is a drug derived from the leaves of the coca plant, which is found mainly in Peru and Bolivia. It is a stimulant because it speeds up the functions of the central nervous system – the messages going to and from the brain. It comes as a crystal white powder and has the scientific name cocaine hydrochloride.
Ecstasy is a street term for drugs similar in structure to MDMA (Methylenedioxymethamphetamine). It is similar in structure and effect to amphetamines and hallucinogens. Ecstasy is also known as E, XTC, Eccy and the Love Drug.
Amphetamines (more commonly known as speed) belong to a group of drugs called psychostimulants which stimulate the central nervous system.
Methamphetamine is a powerfully addictive Class A drug. It is closely related to amphetamines but has a greater effect on the central nervous system. It works by releasing the brain chemical dopamine, stimulating brain cells, enhancing mood and body movement. Methamphetamine is a neurotoxin, which means that it damages the neurons that produce the neurotransmitters dopamine and serotonin.
The New Zealand Government’s drug policy is based on harm minimisation. This is aimed at reducing drug-related harm to the community and individual drug users. Ways of doing that include encouraging nonuse, through to providing the means for users to use drugs with fewer risks.
Drugs can be good, bad and ugly. We sometimes need good drugs to help fight illness or ease our physical and emotional pain. They are made to a standard that is monitored and we know what we are getting. They result from painstaking development over many years. The labelling is on the packet and they are sold over the counter …
The illegitimate use of drugs has a detrimental effect on our society, we have seen examples of drug induced offenders taking the lives of innocent citizens and children, we are aware that dishonesty offences are committed by the drug addicts need to purchase illegal drugs and we are aware that fatal motor accidents are caused by those intoxicated through the …